Earlier research on situational leadership theories has produced little and partly contradictory evidence about the role of situational moderator variables in explaining the relationship between leadership and outcomes. In this article, we propose to concentrate on need for leadership as a singular moderator of the relationships between leadership and employee outcomes. Using a sample of 958 dutch employees from various organizations, the moderator hypothesis was tested. Need for leadership was paired with three leadership factors and five outcome variables, generating 15 possible moderating effects. Five of these were significant. Although the findings compare favorably with other studies using leadership moderators, the effects are weak, and there is not much evidence that leadership–outcome relations are reversed by need for leadership.
de Vries, R. E., & Roe, R. A. (2002). The moderating effects of need for leadership on the relations between leadership characteristics and individual outcomes. Leadership Quarterly, 13(2), 121-237. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1048-9843(02)00097-8