The Kaleidoscopic Game of Life

Aida Abiad *, Merit Geldmacher, Alexander Grigoriev

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Several image rotation operators are introduced as novel rotation variants of John Conway's Game of Life. The main idea of the Game of Life is to simulate real-life processes such as birth, survival and death. The discrete model operates on a two-dimensional array of black and white square cells. In this paper, we study the development of patterns in image rotation using different rotation methods. Moreover, the quality of the rotation and the applicability of image rotation to the Game of Life are investigated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-58
Number of pages58
JournalComplex Systems
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022

JEL classifications

  • c00 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods: General
  • c02 - Mathematical Methods


  • Cellular automata
  • Game of Life
  • Image rotation
  • image rotation
  • cellular automata


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