The intergenerational transmission of cognitive skills: an investigation of the causal impact of families on student outcomes

Eric A. Hanushek, Babs Jacobs, Guido Schwerdt, Rolf van der Velden, Stan Vermeulen, Simon Wiederhold

Research output: Working paper / PreprintWorking paper

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Abstract

The extensive literature on intergenerational mobility highlights the importance of family linkages but fails to provide credible evidence about the underlying family factors that drive the pervasive correlations. We employ a unique combination of Dutch survey and registry data that links math and language skills across generations. We identify a causal connection between cognitive skills of parents and their children by exploiting within-family between-subject variation in these skills. The data also permit novel IV estimation that isolates variation in parental cognitive skills due to school and peer quality. The between-subject and IV estimates of the key intergenerational persistence parameter are strikingly similar and close at about 0.1. Finally, we show the strong influence of family skill transmission on children’s choices of STEM fields.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationMaastricht
PublisherROA
Number of pages73
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Nov 2021

Publication series

SeriesROA Research Memoranda
Number007

JEL classifications

  • i24 - Education and Inequality
  • j12 - "Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure; Domestic Abuse"
  • j24 - "Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity"
  • j62 - "Job, Occupational, and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion"

Keywords

  • intergenerational mobility
  • parent-child skill transmission
  • causality
  • STEM

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