The influence of stride-length on plantar foot-pressures and joint moments

L. Allet, H. Ijzerman, K. Meijer, P. Willems, H. Savelberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE: Joint moments have been acknowledged as key factors in understanding gait abnormalities. Gait velocity is further known to affect joint moments and foot pressures. Keeping gait velocity constant is thus a strategy to cancel out the influence of different preferred gait speed between groups. But even if gait velocity is controlled, individuals can choose different stride length-stride frequency combinations to cope with an imposed gait velocity. SCOPE: To understand the influence of stride frequency-stride length on joint moments and plantar pressures. METHODS: Twenty healthy young adults had to cross an 8m walkway with a walking speed of 1.3ms(-1). The wooden walkway was equipped with a force and a pressure platform. While walking speed was kept constant each participant walked with five different imposed stride lengths (SL): preferred (SL0); with a decrease of 10% (SL-10); with a decrease of 20% (SL-20); with an increase of 10% (SL+10) and with an increase of 20% (SF+20). RESULTS: Ankle and knee joint moments significantly decreased with a decrease in SL. A significant (p<.05) lower peak pressure was achieved with a decreased SL under the heel, toes and midfoot. DISCUSSION/CONCLUSION: The results showed that a change in stride lengths alters both, joint moments and foot pressures with clinically interesting indications. Redistribution of joint moments in the elderly for example might rather result from decreased SL than from age.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)300-306
Number of pages7
JournalGait & Posture
Volume34
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011

Keywords

  • Gait
  • Healthy
  • Stride frequency
  • PERIPHERAL NEUROPATHY
  • TREADMILL WALKING
  • LEVEL WALKING
  • GAIT
  • REDISTRIBUTION
  • PARAMETERS
  • STABILITY
  • TORQUE
  • SPEED
  • ANKLE

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