The impact of sex differences on genomic research

Sabine Oertelt-Prigione*, Edwin Mariman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Web of Science)

Abstract

Sex and gender differences affect all dimensions of human health ranging from the biological basis of disease to therapeutic access, choice and response. Genomics research has long ignored the role of sex differences as potential modulators and the concept is gaining more attention only recently. In the present review we summarize the current knowledge of the impact of sex differences on genomic and epigenomic research, the potential interaction of genomics and gender and the role of these differences in disease etiopathogenesis. Sex differences can emerge from differences in the sex chromosomes themselves, from their interaction with the genome and from the influence of hormones on genomic processes. The impact of these processes on the incidence of autoimmune and oncologic disease is well documented. The growing field of systems biology, which aims at integrating information from different networks of the human body, could also greatly benefit from this approach. In the present review we summarize the current knowledge and provide recommendations for the future performance of sex-sensitive genomics research.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105774
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Volume124
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020

Keywords

  • Sex differences
  • Genomics
  • Epigenomics
  • Immunity
  • Cancer
  • Systems biology
  • X-CHROMOSOME INACTIVATION
  • GENE-EXPRESSION
  • CELL-LINES
  • TUMOR-SUPPRESSOR
  • GENDER
  • ASSOCIATION
  • RATIO
  • ABERRATIONS
  • DIMORPHISM
  • EVOLUTION

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