The impact of participation restrictions on everyday life in long-term colorectal cancer survivors in the EnCoRe study: A mixed-method study

Jose J. L. Breedveld-Peters*, Martijn J. L. Bours, Charlotte Cords, Imke A. M. Ditters, Vera Habraken, Michelle W. J. Jongen, Matty P. Weijenberg

*Corresponding author for this work

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Purpose: Knowledge about long-term colorectal cancer (CRC) or treatment related health and functioning problems and on its impact on participation of CRC survivors in domestic life and in society is limited. We aimed to explore the nature and impact of cancer (treatment) related participation restrictions on everyday life of long-term CRC survivors, their current satisfaction with participation, and associations of health and functioning problems with participation satisfaction, using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) to comprehensively study participation.

Method: Mixed-method study in 2-10 years post-diagnosis stage I-III CRC survivors (n = 151) from the cross-sectional part of the EnCoRe study. Participation restrictions were explored by semi-structured interviews in a subsample reporting participation restrictions (n = 10). Role functioning (SF36-Health Survey), fatigue (Checklist Individual Strength), and peripheral neuropathy symptoms (EORTC QLQ-CIPN20) were assessed in all participants and associations with self-reported participation satisfaction were analyzed by multivariable logistic regression models.

Results: 19% of CRC survivors reported dissatisfaction with participation. Participation restrictions were reported for interpersonal relationships, work/employment, and social/civic life. CRC survivors reporting better physical and emotional role functioning were significantly less likely to be dissatisfied with their participation, whereas survivors reporting higher levels of fatigue or more peripheral neuropathy symptoms were more likely to be dissatisfied with participation.

Conclusions: Colorectal cancer (treatment) related health and functioning problems negatively impacts the ability of nearly 1 in 5 long-term CRC survivors to participate in everyday life situations and their satisfaction with participation. Follow-up care needs to be able to identify and address these problems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101724
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Journal of Oncology Nursing
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020


  • Societal participation
  • Participation restrictions
  • International classification of functioning
  • Disability and health
  • Colorectal cancer survivor
  • WORK

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