The impact of a Mediterranean diet and healthy lifestyle on premature mortality in men and women

Piet A. van den Brandt*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Background: The Mediterranean diet has been associated with reduced mortality; few studies have investigated the combined impact of the Mediterranean diet with other modifiable lifestyle factors. Objectives: The objectives were to investigate the association between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and total mortality and to estimate the overall impact of a combined healthy lifestyle on premature death. Design: In 1986 a cohort of 120,852 men and women aged 55-69 y provided information on dietary and other lifestyle habits. A mortality follow-up until 1996 was established by linkage to the Dutch Central Bureau of Genealogy. A combined lifestyle score was constructed by allocating one point per the following healthy lifestyle factors: adhering to the Mediterranean diet, nonsmoking, normal weight [BMI (in kg/m(2)): 18.5 to
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)913-920
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2011

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