The host immune response contributes to Haemophilus influenzae virulence

T.H. Geelen, G.R. Gaajetaan, E.F. Wouters, G.G. Rohde, F.M. Franssen, G.E. Grauls, E.E. Stobberingh, C.A. Bruggeman, F.R. Stassen

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: There is compelling evidence that infections with non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) are associated with exacerbations in COPD patients. However, NTHi has also been isolated frequently during clinically stable disease. In this study we tested the hypothesis that genetically distinct NTHi isolates obtained from COPD patients differ in virulence which could account for dissimilarities in the final outcome of an infection (stable vs. exacerbation). RESULTS: NTHi isolates (n = 32) were obtained from stable COPD patients, or during exacerbations. Genetically divergent NTHi isolates were selected and induction of inflammation was assessed as an indicator of virulence using different in vitro models. Despite marked genomic differences among NTHi isolates, in vitro studies could not distinguish between NTHi isolates based on their inflammatory capacities. Alternatively, when using a whole blood assay results demonstrated marked inter-, but not intra-individual differences in cytokine release between healthy volunteers irrespective of the origin of the NTHi isolate used. CONCLUSION: Results suggest that the individual immune reactivity might be an important predictor for the clinical outcome (exacerbation vs. no exacerbation) following NTHi infection.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)144-152
Number of pages9
JournalRespiratory Medicine
Volume108
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Exacerbations
  • Inflammatory response
  • Non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae
  • OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY-DISEASE
  • FIELD GEL-ELECTROPHORESIS
  • TNF-ALPHA PRODUCTION
  • TOLL-LIKE RECEPTORS
  • AIRWAY INFLAMMATION
  • CYTOKINE RELEASE
  • WHOLE-BLOOD
  • EXACERBATIONS
  • STRAINS
  • CELLS

Cite this

Geelen, T. H., Gaajetaan, G. R., Wouters, E. F., Rohde, G. G., Franssen, F. M., Grauls, G. E., Stobberingh, E. E., Bruggeman, C. A., & Stassen, F. R. (2014). The host immune response contributes to Haemophilus influenzae virulence. Respiratory Medicine, 108(1), 144-152. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rmed.2013.08.005