The front-end of eco-innovation for eco-innovative small and medium sized companies

N.M.P. Bocken*, M. Farracho, R. Bosworth, R.P.M. Kemp

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


This paper studies the Front End of Eco-Innovation (FEEL), the initial phase of the eco-innovation process. Incorporating environmental concerns at the front-end of innovation is important, as product parameters are still flexible. This paper investigates the FEEL for 42 small and medium sized eco-innovators in the Netherlands by using a survey. The results show that SMEs embrace informal, systematic, and open innovation approaches at the FEEI. Teams appear to be multidisciplinary, and creativity and environmental knowledge are essential. Experimentation played a significant role at the FEEI. The paper concludes with recommendations for future research and implications for managers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-57
JournalJournal of Engineering and Technology Management
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

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