It has been over 10 years since the european union modernised its competition law regime and introduced a more decentralised system that granted the national competition authorities (nca) and the national courts the power to apply articles 81 and 82 of the treaty establishing the european community (now articles 101 and 102 of the treaty on the functioning of the european union (tfeu)) alongside national competition rules. In particular, ncas and the national courts were empowered by the implementing procedural regulation (regulation 1/2003) to determine whether agreements restrictive of competition met the conditions for exemption in article 101(3).keywordsnational courtcompetition authorityantitrust enforcementmerger regulationleniency programmethese keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
|Title of host publication||Procedural rights in competition law in the EU and China|
|Editors||C. Cauffman, Q. Hao|
|Place of Publication||Berlin/Heidelberg|
|Publication status||Published - 23 Mar 2016|
|Series||China-EU Law Series|