The effects of Saline Infusion Sonography on the histological quality of endometrial sampling in women with postmenopausal bleeding

A.J. Vroom*, S. Bongarts, M.Y. Bongers, L.F.S. Kooreman, S.L. Bosch, P.M.A.J. Geomini, N. van Hanegem

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background he aim of this study is to analyze the histopathological features of endometrial samples obtained by aspiration when performed before or after the saline contrast sonohysterography in women with postmenopausal bleeding and a thickened endometrium. Hypothetically, the saline infusion could disrupt the tissue and therefore affect the quality of the sample. Furthermore, we want to determine which histological features have impact on the quality of the endometrial sample.Methods We performed a randomized controlled trial (ESPRESSO trial) in which we analyzed the aspiration samples in two groups. Women were allocated either to saline contrast sonohysterography and subsequent endometrial sampling (SCSH-Sampling group) or to the opposite order (Sampling-SCSH group). Dedicated gyneco-pathologists retrospectively assessed the specimens and recorded the type (blood, mucus, epithelium, intact glands, stroma and tissue context) and quantity (on a scale of 0-3) of material that was found in the specimens.Results This analysis consisted of 197 samples, with 101 women in the SCSH-Sampling group and 96 women in the Sampling-SCSH group. No significant differences were found in the histological features between the two groups. All significant histological features differed significantly in the sufficient samples compared to the insufficient samples: higher amounts of blood, more endometrial epithelium, presence of intact endometrial glands, better stroma and tissue context. Oppositely, a significantly higher amount of mucus was found in the insufficient samples.Conclusion This study shows that the histological features of the endometrial sample were not affected by the saline contrast sonohysterography, when performed prior to the tissue sampling.
Original languageEnglish
Article number46
Number of pages7
JournalBMC Women's Health
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 4 Feb 2023


  • Postmenopausal bleeding
  • Endometrial biopsy
  • Endometrial pathology
  • Saline contrast sonohysterography


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