The effects of parental involvement in homework: two randomised controlled trials in financial education

Joana Elisa Maldonado*, Kristof De Witte, Koen Declercq

*Corresponding author for this work

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This paper provides causal evidence on the effects of parental involvement on student outcomes in a financial education course based on two randomised controlled trials with a total of 2779 students from grade 8 and 9 in Flanders. Using an experimental design with three treatment groups, the impact of parental involvement in homework is distinguished from the standalone impact of the classroom intervention and homework itself. Intention-to-treat analysis reveals that access to the intervention effectively improves students’ financial literacy in the two dimensions of knowledge and behaviour. The classroom intervention combined with a homework assigned to be completed with the parents increases financial literacy by 0.38 standard deviations. On average, the added value of prompting parental involvement in homework is not statistically significant. Yet, stimulating parental involvement has significant positive effects on behaviour for disadvantaged students.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1439-1464
Number of pages26
JournalEmpirical Economics
Issue number3
Early online date6 May 2021
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

JEL classifications

  • c93 - Field Experiments
  • i21 - Analysis of Education
  • a21 - Economic Education and Teaching of Economics: Pre-college


  • Financial literacy
  • Parental involvement
  • Randomised controlled trial
  • Education

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