The effects of co-witness discussion on confidence and precision in eyewitness memory reports

Joanne Rechdan, Lorraine Hope, James D Sauer, Melanie Sauerland, James Ost, Harald Merckelbach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

We examined the influence of co-witness discussion on the metacognitive regulation of memory reports. Participants (N = 92) watched a crime video. Later, a confederate confidently agreed with (gave confirming feedback), disagreed with (gave disconfirming feedback), or gave no feedback (control) regarding participants' answers to questions about the video. Participants who received disconfirming feedback reported fewer fine-grain details than participants in the confirming and control conditions on a subsequent, individual recall test for a different question set. Unexpectedly, this decrease in fine-grain reporting was not accompanied by a decrease in participants' confidence in the accuracy of their fine-grain responses. These results indicate that receiving social comparative feedback about one's memory performance can affect rememberers' metamemorial control decisions, and potentially decrease the level of detail they volunteer in later memory reports. Further research is needed to assess whether these results replicate under different experimental conditions, and to explore the effects of social influences on metamemory.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)904-912
Number of pages9
JournalMemory
Volume26
Issue number7
Early online date13 Mar 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Journal Article
  • MISINFORMATION
  • Metacognition
  • RECALL
  • GRAIN-SIZE
  • ACCURACY
  • STRATEGIC REGULATION
  • memory reporting
  • SOCIAL-INFLUENCE
  • eyewitness memory
  • co-witness discussion
  • CONFORMITY
  • social influence

Cite this

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title = "The effects of co-witness discussion on confidence and precision in eyewitness memory reports",
abstract = "We examined the influence of co-witness discussion on the metacognitive regulation of memory reports. Participants (N = 92) watched a crime video. Later, a confederate confidently agreed with (gave confirming feedback), disagreed with (gave disconfirming feedback), or gave no feedback (control) regarding participants' answers to questions about the video. Participants who received disconfirming feedback reported fewer fine-grain details than participants in the confirming and control conditions on a subsequent, individual recall test for a different question set. Unexpectedly, this decrease in fine-grain reporting was not accompanied by a decrease in participants' confidence in the accuracy of their fine-grain responses. These results indicate that receiving social comparative feedback about one's memory performance can affect rememberers' metamemorial control decisions, and potentially decrease the level of detail they volunteer in later memory reports. Further research is needed to assess whether these results replicate under different experimental conditions, and to explore the effects of social influences on metamemory.",
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author = "Joanne Rechdan and Lorraine Hope and Sauer, {James D} and Melanie Sauerland and James Ost and Harald Merckelbach",
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language = "English",
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The effects of co-witness discussion on confidence and precision in eyewitness memory reports. / Rechdan, Joanne; Hope, Lorraine; Sauer, James D; Sauerland, Melanie; Ost, James; Merckelbach, Harald.

In: Memory, Vol. 26, No. 7, 2018, p. 904-912.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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