The effects of angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibition by sacubitril/valsartan on adipose tissue transcriptome and protein expression in obese hypertensive patients

R. Stinkens, B. W. van der Kolk, J. Jordan, T. Jax, S. Engeli, T. Heise, J. W. Jocken, M. May, C. Schindler, B. Havekes, N. Schaper, D. Albrecht, S. Kaiser, N. Hartmann, M. Letzkus, T. H. Langenickel, G. H. Goossens, E. E. Blaak*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Increased activation of the renin-angiotensin system is involved in the onset and progression of cardiometabolic diseases, while natriuretic peptides (NP) may exert protective effects. We have recently demonstrated that sacubitril/valsartan (LCZ696), a first-in-class angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibitor, which blocks the angiotensin II type-1 receptor and augments natriuretic peptide levels, improved peripheral insulin sensitivity in obese hypertensive patients. Here, we investigated the effects of sacubitril/valsartan (400 mg QD) treatment for 8 weeks on the abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue (AT) phenotype compared to the metabolically neutral comparator amlodipine (10 mg QD) in 70 obese hypertensive patients. Abdominal subcutaneous AT biopsies were collected before and after intervention to determine the AT transcriptome and expression of proteins involved in lipolysis, NP signaling and mitochondrial oxidative metabolism. Both sacubitril/valsartan and amlodipine treatment did not significantly induce AT transcriptional changes in pathways related to lipolysis, NP signaling and oxidative metabolism. Furthermore, protein expression of adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL) (P-time*group = 0.195), hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) (P-time*group = 0.458), HSL-ser660 phosphorylation (P-time*group = 0.340), NP receptor-A (NPRA) (P-time*group = 0.829) and OXPHOS complexes (P-time*group = 0.964) remained unchanged. In conclusion, sacubitril/valsartan treatment for 8 weeks did not alter the abdominal subcutaneous AT transcriptome and expression of proteins involved in lipolysis, NP signaling and oxidative metabolism in obese hypertensive patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3933
Number of pages7
JournalScientific Reports
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Mar 2018

Keywords

  • ATRIAL-NATRIURETIC-PEPTIDE
  • HUMAN ADIPOCYTES
  • METABOLISM
  • LIPOLYSIS
  • HORMONE
  • PATHWAY

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