The Effect of Type 2 Diabetes on Body Composition of Older Adults

A. Koster*, L.A. Schaap

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


This review describes the effect of type 2 diabetes on fat mass, fat distribution, and lean mass, and changes in these parameters, in older adults, focusing on observational studies. Studies show that type 2 diabetes is associated with an unfavorable body composition characterized by more visceral fat, less thigh subcutaneous fat, and more fat infiltration in the muscle compared with persons without the disease. Longitudinal studies found an accelerated decline in muscle mass in older persons with type 2 diabetes. Studies are needed to examine the consequences of these changes in body composition on physical functioning, morbidity, and mortality risk.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-49
JournalClinics in Geriatric Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

Cite this