The Effect of Public Funding on Scientific Performance: A Comparison Between China and the EU

Lili Wang, Xianmen Wang, Fredrik Niklas Piro, Niels Philipsen

Research output: Working paperProfessional

73 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Public funding is believed to play an important role in the development of science and technology. However, whether public funding actually helps to increase scientific output (i.e. publications) remains a matter of debate. By analysing a dataset of co-publications between China and the EU and a dataset of joint project collaborations in European Framework Programmes for Research and Innovation (FP7 & H2020), we investigate whether different public funding agencies have different goals in their research policy. Our results support the hypotheses that funded research output represents the intentions of funding sponsors and a high level of public funding does not necessarily lead to high scientific output. Our results show that FP7/H2020 funded projects do not have a positive contribution to the output of joint publications between China and the EU. Interestingly, cooperation in the form of jointly writing proposals to these EU programmes, especially when they are not granted by the European Commission, can contribute significantly to joint scientific publications at a later stage. This applies in particular to cases where funding from China is involved. Our findings highlight the key role that funding agencies play in influencing research performance. While the Chinese government is interested in pursuing a high number of publications, the EU cares more about the social impact and indirect effect, which is hard to measure in the short term.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationMaastricht
PublisherUNU-MERIT working papers
Pages1-30
Volume2019
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019

Keywords

  • public funding
  • research evaluation
  • scientific output
  • international collaboration
  • China
  • EU Member States

Cite this

Wang, L., Wang, X., Piro, F. N., & Philipsen, N. (2019). The Effect of Public Funding on Scientific Performance: A Comparison Between China and the EU. (45 ed.) (pp. 1-30). Maastricht: UNU-MERIT working papers.
Wang, Lili ; Wang, Xianmen ; Piro, Fredrik Niklas ; Philipsen, Niels. / The Effect of Public Funding on Scientific Performance : A Comparison Between China and the EU. 45. ed. Maastricht : UNU-MERIT working papers, 2019. pp. 1-30
@techreport{8ef12252307942108603cb94e4ab3b87,
title = "The Effect of Public Funding on Scientific Performance: A Comparison Between China and the EU",
abstract = "Public funding is believed to play an important role in the development of science and technology. However, whether public funding actually helps to increase scientific output (i.e. publications) remains a matter of debate. By analysing a dataset of co-publications between China and the EU and a dataset of joint project collaborations in European Framework Programmes for Research and Innovation (FP7 & H2020), we investigate whether different public funding agencies have different goals in their research policy. Our results support the hypotheses that funded research output represents the intentions of funding sponsors and a high level of public funding does not necessarily lead to high scientific output. Our results show that FP7/H2020 funded projects do not have a positive contribution to the output of joint publications between China and the EU. Interestingly, cooperation in the form of jointly writing proposals to these EU programmes, especially when they are not granted by the European Commission, can contribute significantly to joint scientific publications at a later stage. This applies in particular to cases where funding from China is involved. Our findings highlight the key role that funding agencies play in influencing research performance. While the Chinese government is interested in pursuing a high number of publications, the EU cares more about the social impact and indirect effect, which is hard to measure in the short term.",
keywords = "public funding, research evaluation, scientific output, international collaboration, China, EU Member States",
author = "Lili Wang and Xianmen Wang and Piro, {Fredrik Niklas} and Niels Philipsen",
year = "2019",
month = "11",
language = "English",
volume = "2019",
pages = "1--30",
publisher = "UNU-MERIT working papers",
edition = "45",
type = "WorkingPaper",
institution = "UNU-MERIT working papers",

}

Wang, L, Wang, X, Piro, FN & Philipsen, N 2019 'The Effect of Public Funding on Scientific Performance: A Comparison Between China and the EU' 45 edn, UNU-MERIT working papers, Maastricht, pp. 1-30.

The Effect of Public Funding on Scientific Performance : A Comparison Between China and the EU. / Wang, Lili; Wang, Xianmen; Piro, Fredrik Niklas; Philipsen, Niels.

45. ed. Maastricht : UNU-MERIT working papers, 2019. p. 1-30.

Research output: Working paperProfessional

TY - UNPB

T1 - The Effect of Public Funding on Scientific Performance

T2 - A Comparison Between China and the EU

AU - Wang, Lili

AU - Wang, Xianmen

AU - Piro, Fredrik Niklas

AU - Philipsen, Niels

PY - 2019/11

Y1 - 2019/11

N2 - Public funding is believed to play an important role in the development of science and technology. However, whether public funding actually helps to increase scientific output (i.e. publications) remains a matter of debate. By analysing a dataset of co-publications between China and the EU and a dataset of joint project collaborations in European Framework Programmes for Research and Innovation (FP7 & H2020), we investigate whether different public funding agencies have different goals in their research policy. Our results support the hypotheses that funded research output represents the intentions of funding sponsors and a high level of public funding does not necessarily lead to high scientific output. Our results show that FP7/H2020 funded projects do not have a positive contribution to the output of joint publications between China and the EU. Interestingly, cooperation in the form of jointly writing proposals to these EU programmes, especially when they are not granted by the European Commission, can contribute significantly to joint scientific publications at a later stage. This applies in particular to cases where funding from China is involved. Our findings highlight the key role that funding agencies play in influencing research performance. While the Chinese government is interested in pursuing a high number of publications, the EU cares more about the social impact and indirect effect, which is hard to measure in the short term.

AB - Public funding is believed to play an important role in the development of science and technology. However, whether public funding actually helps to increase scientific output (i.e. publications) remains a matter of debate. By analysing a dataset of co-publications between China and the EU and a dataset of joint project collaborations in European Framework Programmes for Research and Innovation (FP7 & H2020), we investigate whether different public funding agencies have different goals in their research policy. Our results support the hypotheses that funded research output represents the intentions of funding sponsors and a high level of public funding does not necessarily lead to high scientific output. Our results show that FP7/H2020 funded projects do not have a positive contribution to the output of joint publications between China and the EU. Interestingly, cooperation in the form of jointly writing proposals to these EU programmes, especially when they are not granted by the European Commission, can contribute significantly to joint scientific publications at a later stage. This applies in particular to cases where funding from China is involved. Our findings highlight the key role that funding agencies play in influencing research performance. While the Chinese government is interested in pursuing a high number of publications, the EU cares more about the social impact and indirect effect, which is hard to measure in the short term.

KW - public funding

KW - research evaluation

KW - scientific output

KW - international collaboration

KW - China

KW - EU Member States

UR - http://www.merit.unu.edu/publications/wppdf/2019/wp2019-045.pdf

M3 - Working paper

VL - 2019

SP - 1

EP - 30

BT - The Effect of Public Funding on Scientific Performance

PB - UNU-MERIT working papers

CY - Maastricht

ER -

Wang L, Wang X, Piro FN, Philipsen N. The Effect of Public Funding on Scientific Performance: A Comparison Between China and the EU. 45 ed. Maastricht: UNU-MERIT working papers. 2019 Nov, p. 1-30.