The Effect of Platelet-Rich Plasma In Vitro on Primary Cells: Rat Osteoblast-like Cells and Human Endothelial Cells

Robert E. C. M. Mooren*, Eef J. Hendriks, Jeroen J. J. P. van den Beucken, Mathijs A. W. Merkx, Gert J. Meijer, John A. Jansen, Paul J. W. Stoelinga

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of standardized platelet-rich plasma (PRP) concentrates from 10 human donors on cellular behavior. The standardized PRPs used were fivefold average and fivefold maximum baseline values in whole blood. Both these standardized PRPs were characterized by determining platelet numbers and subsequently growth factor concentrations in activated PRPs, called PRP derivatives. Platelet numbers in both types of standardized PRPs were significantly increased compared with whole blood. Further, both PRP derivatives contained significantly higher concentrations of platelet-derived growth factor-AA, platelet-derived growth factor-AB, and transforming growth factor-beta 1. Vascular endothelial growth factor concentrations were significantly elevated in only the most concentrated PRP derivative. Cell culture experiments with osteoblast-like cells showed that both PRP derivatives stimulated cell proliferation without inducing cell differentiation, whereas tube formation in endothelial cell cultures was significantly increased by adding low volume percentages of PRP derivative (2%–8%). Consequently, it can be concluded that there is no direct relationship between the number of platelets and the level of growth factors released from these platelets. PRP derivatives have the potency to stimulate angiogenesis dose dependently, while lacking the capacity to induce osteogenic differentiation. Yet, the proliferation of osteoblast-like cells can significantly be enhanced by supplementation of PRP derivatives.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3159-3172
JournalTissue Engineering
Volume16
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2010

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