The effect of oxidative stress on nucleotide-excision repair in colon tissue of newborn piglets.

S.A. Langie, P. Kowalczyk, B. Tudek, R. Zabielski, T. Dziaman, R. Olinski, F.J. van Schooten, R.W. Godschalk

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Abstract

    Nucleotide-excision repair (NER) is important for the maintenance of genomic integrity and to prevent the onset of carcinogenesis. Oxidative stress was previously found to inhibit NER in vitro, and dietary antioxidants could thus protect DNA not only by reducing levels of oxidative DNA damage, but also by protecting NER against oxidative stress-induced inhibition. To obtain further insight in the relation between oxidative stress and NER activity in vivo, oxidative stress was induced in newborn piglets by means of intra-muscular injection of iron (200mg) at day 3 after birth. Indeed, injection of iron significantly increased several markers of oxidative stress, such as 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) levels in colon DNA and urinary excretion of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine (8-oxoGua). In parallel, the influence of maternal supplementation with an antioxidant-enriched diet was investigated in their offspring. Supplementation resulted in reduced iron concentrations in the colon (P=0.004) at day 7 and a 40% reduction of 8-oxodG in colon DNA (P=0.044) at day 14 after birth. NER capacity in animals that did not receive antioxidants was significantly reduced to 32% at day 7 compared with the initial NER capacity on day 1 after birth. This reduction in NER capacity was less pronounced in antioxidant-supplemented piglets (69%). Overall, these data indicate that NER can be reduced by oxidative stress in vivo, which can be compensated for by antioxidant supplementation.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)75-80
    Number of pages6
    JournalMutation Research-Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis
    Volume695
    Issue number1-2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2010

    Keywords

    • Oxidative stress
    • Antioxidants
    • DNA-repair capacity
    • 8-Oxodeoxyguanine
    • DNA-DAMAGE
    • NITRIC-OXIDE
    • IN-VITRO
    • BIOACTIVE SUBSTANCES
    • DIETARY ANTIOXIDANTS
    • ULCERATIVE-COLITIS
    • HYDROGEN-PEROXIDE
    • URINARY-EXCRETION
    • OXYGEN RADICALS
    • BLOOD-CELLS

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