The effect of graphic organizers on subjective and objective comprehension of a health education text

M. Kools*, M.W.J. van de Wiel, R.A.C. Ruiter, A. Cruts, G.J. Kok

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


This study examined the effect of graphic organizers on the comprehension of a health education brochure text and compared subjective with objective comprehension measures. Graphic organizers are graphical depictions of relations among concepts in a text. Participants read a brochure text about asthma with and without these organizers, and subjective and objective text comprehension was measured. It was found that graphic organizers had effects on four levels of objective comprehension as indicated by open comprehension questions. However, on the subjective comprehension measure using Likert-type scales, the groups with and without graphic organizers did not differ from each other. It is concluded that health education texts could benefit from relatively simple techniques to increase comprehension. Furthermore, in developing health education materials, comprehension should be measured objectively.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)760-772
JournalHealth Education & Behavior
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2006

Cite this