The effect of glutamate infusion on cardiac performance is independent of changes in metabolism in patients undergoing routine coronary artery bypass surgery.

C.J.M. Langenberg, H.G. Pietersen, G.G. Geskes, A.J.M. Wagenmakers, S. de Lange, H.J. Schouten, P.B. Soeters

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Abstract

Clin Sci (Lond) 2001 Dec;101(6):573-80 Related Articles, Books, LinkOut


Comment in:
Clin Sci (Lond). 2001 Dec;101(6):581-2.

The effect of glutamate infusion on cardiac performance is independent of changes in metabolism in patients undergoing routine coronary artery bypass surgery.

Langenberg CJ, Pietersen HG, Geskes G, Wagenmakers AJ, Lange SD, Schouten HJ, Soeters PB.

Department of Anaesthesiology, University Hospital Maastricht, P. Debeyelaan 25, 6202 AZ Maastricht, The Netherlands. clan@wish.net

In a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled study, the effects of intravenous glutamate infusion on myocardial haemodynamics and metabolism were studied in 22 patients undergoing routine coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Immediately after aortic cross-clamp release, an intravenous infusion of a solution of glutamate (125 mmol x l(-1)) at a rate of 1.5 ml x h(-1) x kg(-1) was given over 1 h to 11 patients (G group). The other 11 patients received a placebo infusion (0.9% NaCl) (P group). Haemodynamic functions and rates of exchange of glucose, non-esterified fatty acids and lactic acid over the heart were measured before sternotomy (T1), 40 min after cross-clamp release (T2) and 4 h after cross-clamp release (T3). At T2, decreases were seen in comparison with T1 in systemic vascular resistance index, and increases were seen in cardiac index and coronary sinus flow. All of these changes were greater in the G group than in the P group (P<0.05). Myocardial glutamate consumption increased 2-fold after glutamate administration. No significant changes were observed in the myocardial utilization of glucose, lactate or non-esterified fatty acids between the P and the G groups at T1, T2 or T3. These data show that an intravenous glutamate infusion after routine CABG surgery significantly improved cardiac haemodynamic performance without direct effects on cardiac substrate metabolism. This suggests that a reduction of the afterload via a peripheral vasodilatory effect is the main mechanism leading to the observed changes in haemodynamics. Earlier claims that patients with post-operative cardiac failure show metabolic benefits from the glutamate infusion do not seem to apply to patients undergoing routine CABG surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)573-580
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Science
Volume101
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2001

Cite this

Langenberg, C. J. M., Pietersen, H. G., Geskes, G. G., Wagenmakers, A. J. M., de Lange, S., Schouten, H. J., & Soeters, P. B. (2001). The effect of glutamate infusion on cardiac performance is independent of changes in metabolism in patients undergoing routine coronary artery bypass surgery. Clinical Science, 101, 573-580. https://doi.org/10.1042/CS20010063