The effect of factor Va on lipid dynamics in mixed phospholipid vesicles as detected by steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence depolarization of diphenylhexatriene

Piet van de Waart, Antonie J.W.G. Visser, H.Coenraad Hemker, Theo Lindhout

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    We have monitored the thermotropic behavior of mixed dimyristoylglycerophosphoserine (Myr2GroPSer)/dimyristoylglycerophosphocholine (Myr2GroPCho) and Myr2GroPSer/dipalmitoylglycerophosphocholine (Pam2GroPCho) vesicles in the presence of blood-clotting factor Va, using 1,6-diphenyl-1,3, 5-hexatriene as a lipid probe. The Ca2+-independent interaction of factor Va with these vesicles caused a small increase (1-2 degrees C) in the phase transition temperature, regardless of whether Myr2GroPChe was the lower or higher-melting component of the mixed vesicles. The major effect of factor Va was to increase the polarization of diphenylhexatriene when the mixed vesicles were in the liquid crystalline phase. The protein did not change the anisotropy in the bilayer gel state. The increase in the polarization value above the transition temperature closely correlated with the amount of phospholipid-bound factor Va, as verified by a direct binding technique. In addition, we found that the affinity of factor Va for Myr2GroPSer/Myr2GroPCho and Myr2GroPSer/Pam2GroPCho greatly increased at temperatures above the transition temperatures. Time-dependent fluorescence anisotropy measurements of diphenylhexatriene embedded in vesicles in the liquid crystalline state give fluorescence decay curves which can best be fitted by two exponential functions with two rotational correlation times and a constant term. Vesicles composed of Myr2GroPSer exhibit more ordering than Myr2GroPCho vesicles. However, the order parameter of mixed vesicles composed of 40% Myr2GroPSer and 60% Myr2GroPCho (mol/mol) approached that of Myr2GroPCho. Factor Va dramatically increased the longer rotational correlation time of diphenylhexatriene embedded in mixed vesicles in the liquid crystalline state from 3.7 ns to about 17 ns. The second rank-order parameter increased only slightly, but the calculated steady-state anisotropy increased by twofold. These results indicate that the acidic phospholipid-dependent binding of factor Va to mixed vesicles has an ordering effect on the acyl chains of the acidic phospholipids in the outer layer, but leaves the bulk of the phospholipids, mainly phosphatidylcholine, unaltered. None of the factor-Va-induced alterations in the anisotropy parameters point to the occurrence of lateral phase separation.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)337-343
    Number of pages7
    JournalEuropean Journal of Biochemistry
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 1987

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