The effect of DDAVP infusion On thrombin generation in platelet-rich plasma of von Willebrand type 1 and in mild haemophilia A patients

I.M.L.W. Keularts, K. Hamulyak, H.C. Hemker, S. Béguin

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Abstract

SummaryIn von Willebrand disease (vWD) type 1 and mild haemophilia A patients we studied the effect of an infusion of DDAVP (0.3 ?g/kg body weight) on thrombin generation in platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and platelet-poor plasma (PPP). Baseline thrombin generation in PRP was diminished both in the haemophilia A and vWD patients. It was normal in vWD plasma when sufficient procoagulant phospholipids were present, either via adding phospholipid vesicles to PPP or via scrambling of the platelet membrane with ionomycin in PRP. In haemophilia A plasma, thrombin generation did not normalize by providing procoagulant phospholipids. Treatment with DDAVP temporarily restored thrombin generation in PRP to normal in both diseases.To investigate the individual roles of von Willebrand factor (vWF) and factor VIII, we also studied the effect of factor VIII infusion on thrombin generation in a severe haemophilia patient. It appears that at a fixed normal vWF concentration,
Original languageEnglish
JournalThrombosis and Haemostasis
Volume84
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2000

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