The effect of collaborations on scientific research output: the case of nanoscience in Chinese regions

Stefano Scarazzati, Lili Wang*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Abstract

    The pattern and impact of scientific collaborations depends on a country's or region's development stage. Prior to promoting scientific collaborations, it is crucial to understand what types of collaboration are more beneficial. By taking the stage of regional scientific development into consideration, this paper investigates the effect of various collaborations on regional scientific output. Our results highlight the differences between collaboration effects across regions at various capability levels. Scientifically weak regions benefit from more concentrated collaboration, in particular with advanced domestic regions. However, scientifically strong regions can benefit from a centrally located position in a broader collaboration network. Findings from this analysis indicate that international collaborations might not be beneficial a priori. Whether or not one region benefits from international collaborations depends on this region's local capacity. Being embedded in a broad network structure can help increase one region's publication output. However, such benefit is limited only to regions that have relatively higher research capacity.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)839-868
    Number of pages30
    JournalScientometrics
    Volume121
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019

    JEL classifications

    • o39 - Technological Change: Other

    Keywords

    • Scientific output
    • Collaborations
    • Regional capacity
    • Network structure
    • Chinese regions
    • Nanoscience
    • CO-AUTHORSHIP NETWORKS
    • INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATION
    • BETWEENNESS CENTRALITY
    • KNOWLEDGE CREATION
    • NANOTECHNOLOGY
    • PATTERNS
    • IMPACT
    • INTERDISCIPLINARITY
    • GROWTH
    • PRODUCTIVITY

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