A previous study, in which a lysed fraction was used with endogenous phospholipids as substrate, revealed age-related changes in PA and PIP2 formation but not in PIP formation (Bothmer et al., Neurochem. Int. 21, 223-228, 1992). To rule out the influence of substrate availability in the present study, the effect of age on PI kinase, PIP kinase and DAG kinase activities was studied with exogenous phospholipids as substrate in the cerebral cortex from 8-month-old, 14-month-old and 26-month-old Brown Norway rats. PI kinase activity was predominantly located in a tight membrane-bound protein fraction, DAG kinase activity in cytosolic and loosely membrane-bound protein fractions, and PIP kinase activity was present in all three protein preparations. The effects of age were limited to a small increase in kinase activity in the tight membrane-bound protein fraction in 14-month-old and 26-month-old rats compared to 8-month-old rats, and a 10% decrease in PIP kinase activity in the cytosolic protein fraction in 14-month-old and 26-month-old rats compared to 8-month-old rats. DAG kinase activity showed no age-related changes. In conclusion, one should take care in comparing rat aging with human aging as PI kinase activity shows an age-related decline in human brain cortex (Jolles et al., J. Neurochem. 58, 2326-2329, 1992). Furthermore, previously reported decreases in PA formation rates in rat brain are probably not due to changes in DAG kinase itself but to changes in DAG availability, although further experimental evidence is needed to confirm this conclusion.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Growth Development and Aging|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1994|