Previous literature has found inconsistent effects of tracking students in secondary school on student performance using various ways to alleviate the endogeneity in tracking. Sociological literature argues that the threat for war with and invasion by the French around the 1800s induced European countries to introduce mass public education systems. I use this theory to estimate the effect of tracking on student performance in Europe, instrumenting tracking by the political pressure caused by the Napoleonic Wars. The relation between political pressure by Napoleon and tracking is strong and leads in the second stage to a consistent positive effect of tracking on student performance. One important limitation of this analysis is that it is reasonable to assume that political pressure from Napoleon influenced many facets of European countries.
|Place of Publication||Maastricht|
|Publisher||Maastricht University, Graduate School of Business and Economics|
|Number of pages||33|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2016|
|Series||GSBE Research Memoranda|
Korthals, R. A. (2016). The education revolution on horseback II : using the Napoleonic wars to elicit the effect of tracking on student performance. Maastricht University, Graduate School of Business and Economics. GSBE Research Memoranda, No. 015 https://doi.org/10.26481/umagsb.2016015