The economic effects of owner distance and local property management in US office markets

Piet Eichholtz, Rogier Holtermans*, Erkan Yönder

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Using a large dataset of US offices we analyse the relationship between investors' distance to their assets and the effective rent of these assets, and study the extent to which property managers can influence this relationship. We construct hedonic rent models to control for other known rent determinants. It turns out that proximity matters: holding everything else constant, investors located closely to their office buildings are able to extract significantly higher effective rents from these assets, especially if these buildings are of low quality. This effect is due to significant differences in occupancy levels. Interestingly, property managers can affect this relationship, mitigating the adverse effects of investor distance on effective office rents. Especially if the owner does not reside in the same state as the building, external property management is of importance, most prominently so for class-B office buildings.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)781-803
JournalJournal of Economic Geography
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2016

JEL classifications

  • g11 - "Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions"
  • r12 - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity
  • r32 - Other Production and Pricing Analysis
  • r33 - Nonagricultural and Nonresidential Real Estate Markets


  • Commercial real estate
  • investor proximity
  • real estate investment
  • rental value
  • property management


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