Hartslag limburg, a cardiovascular diseases (cvd) prevention programme, integrates a community strategy and a high-risk strategy. The present paper presents the evaluation design for, and baseline data from, the community intervention. The conceptual framework of the community intervention and its evaluation study were based on programme planning and evaluation models. Within this framework, community organization principles and methods and health education theories and methods were applied. Pre-test/post-test control group designs were used to study changes at the individual and the organizational level. The baseline results confirm the need to carry out a comprehensive cvd prevention community project, and the appropriateness of the conceptual model that is used for the development of interventions.