Background: To keep clinicians up-to-date with the latest evidence, clinical practice and patient preferences, more and more knowledge tools-aiming to synthesise knowledge and support (shared) decision-making-are being developed. Unfortunately, it seems that in the Netherlands, and possibly elsewhere, the amount of different knowledge tool types makes it difficult to see the forest through the trees.
Methods: A scoping review, exploring types of knowledge tools available to Dutch clinicians (and patients) and how these tools are described. The search terms were collected from thesauri and textbooks, and used to search the websites and documents of selected national tool developing organisations.
Results: The review yielded 126 tool types. We included 67 different tool types, such as guidelines, protocols, standards and clinical pathways. Half of those tool types were aimed at clinicians, 14 at patients and 18 at both. In general, descriptions of the tool types were hard to find or incomplete.
Conclusions: There exists a myriad of knowledge tool types and their descriptions are mostly unclear. The information overload experienced by clinicians is not addressed effectively by developing numerous unclearly defined knowledge tools. We recommend limiting the number of tool types and making a greater effort in clearly defining them. This abundance of poorly defined tools does not seem to be restricted to the Netherlands. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
- (Shared) decision-making
- PRACTICE GUIDELINES