The Development and Validation of the Workplace Acceptance Scale: Evidence from a Sample of Workers with Disabilities

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Recent trends in demographics and the labor market, such as an aging workforce, bring forth a significant societal transformation and force organizations to conform to new circumstances. Diversity management strategies may help to counteract negative outcomes of these developments. However, organizational diversity triggers various reactions among the established workforce, evoking positive as well as negative social dynamics.

OBJECTIVE: In order to better understand the dynamics that arise from workplace diversity, specifically from workplace disability, the present paper outlines the development of an eleven-item measure of perceived workplace acceptance.

METHODS: Three independent samples of employees with disabilities (including multisource data) were used to demonstrate the reliability and validity of the scale.

RESULTS: The scale shows good psychometric properties and exploratory as well as confirmatory factor analyses indicate that workplace acceptance is a unidimensional construct. The study shows that the scale is significantly related to constructs such as health and productivity, self-esteem, intent to leave, motivation, organizational commitment, and attitudes of colleagues, providing evidence for criterion-related validity.

CONCLUSIONS: Overall, the present study provides evidence for the validity of the Workplace Acceptance Scale and suggests that the workplace acceptance construct has important implications for both individuals with disabilities and groups of colleagues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-149
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Vocational Rehabilitation
Volume54
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Acceptance
  • measurement
  • workplace integration
  • INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY
  • EMPLOYMENT
  • PEOPLE
  • JOB
  • COMMITMENT
  • DISCRIMINATION
  • PARTICIPATION
  • SATISFACTION
  • INDIVIDUALS
  • MANAGEMENT

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