The 'correlates' in neural correlates of consciousness

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Abstract

In the search for neural correlates of consciousness (NCC), the concept of 'consciousness' remains problematic. We suggest that not only the 'consciousness' in neural correlates of consciousness is a confused term, but 'correlates' is as well. When brain events are found to covary with conscious experience, these brain events can be the neural substrates of the experience, as is often (implicitly) suggested, but they can also be neural prerequisites or neural consequences of the experience. We here disentangle these different sorts of brain processes conceptually. But we also propose a concrete multi-pronged research program that may, in near-future consciousness research, distinguish these brain processes empirically.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-197
Number of pages7
JournalNeuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2012

Keywords

  • Consciousness
  • Awareness
  • Correlates
  • Attention
  • Substrates
  • Prerequisites
  • Consequences
  • Sufficient
  • Necessary
  • TRANSCRANIAL MAGNETIC STIMULATION
  • CORTICAL EFFECTIVE CONNECTIVITY
  • VISUAL AWARENESS
  • COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE
  • DOMINANCE DURATIONS
  • UNCONSCIOUS VISION
  • GRANGER CAUSALITY
  • BRAIN ACTIVITY
  • ATTENTION
  • PERCEPTION

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