The corrective effects of warning on false memories in the DRM paradigm are limited to full attention conditions

M.J.V. Peters, M. Jelicic, B. Gorski, K. Sijstermans, T.M. Giesbrecht, H.L.G.J. Merckelbach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Effects of attention control and forewarning on the activation and monitoring of experimentally induced false memories in the Deese/Roediger-McDermott paradigm were investigated in a young adult sample (N = 77), We found that reducing the degree of attention during encoding led to a decrease in veridical recall and an increase in non-presented critical lure intrusions. This effect could not be counteracted by a forewarning instruction. However, these findings did not emerge in a (retrieval supportive) recognition task. It seems that divided attention increases false recall when attention control and forewarning have to compete for limited cognitive resources in a generative free recall as opposed to a retrieval supportive recognition task. Forewarning instructions do not always protect young adults against experimentally induced false memories.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)308-314
JournalActa Psychologica
Volume129
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2008

Cite this

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abstract = "Effects of attention control and forewarning on the activation and monitoring of experimentally induced false memories in the Deese/Roediger-McDermott paradigm were investigated in a young adult sample (N = 77), We found that reducing the degree of attention during encoding led to a decrease in veridical recall and an increase in non-presented critical lure intrusions. This effect could not be counteracted by a forewarning instruction. However, these findings did not emerge in a (retrieval supportive) recognition task. It seems that divided attention increases false recall when attention control and forewarning have to compete for limited cognitive resources in a generative free recall as opposed to a retrieval supportive recognition task. Forewarning instructions do not always protect young adults against experimentally induced false memories.",
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The corrective effects of warning on false memories in the DRM paradigm are limited to full attention conditions. / Peters, M.J.V.; Jelicic, M.; Gorski, B.; Sijstermans, K.; Giesbrecht, T.M.; Merckelbach, H.L.G.J.

In: Acta Psychologica, Vol. 129, No. 2, 01.01.2008, p. 308-314.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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