The concept of necessity in WTO law: lessons from and for the other fields of International Law

Senai W. Andemariam

Research output: ThesisDoctoral ThesisInternal

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Various fields of international law differ along many lines. There are also some concepts that have different meanings in different fields of international law. The proliferation of fields of international law carries with it the risk of fragmentation in international law. In a 2006 report, the International Law Commission observed that coherence can be maintained in international law despite such increase in fragmentation. This research investigates whether coherence can be maintained in the concept of necessity across different fields of international law. It bases its analysis on the concept of necessity in the law of the World Trade Organization (WTO) as compared with the concepts of necessity in other fields of international law, especially that in customary international law (CIL). It then examines if there is a potential for these two key concepts of necessity to learn from (i.e., interinfluence) each other. As such, this research aims, among others, to contribute to the scholarship on the fragmentation and coherence of international law.
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • Maastricht University
  • van den Bossche, Peter, Supervisor
  • Prévost, Denise, Co-Supervisor
Award date7 Jul 2022
Place of PublicationMaastricht
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • necessity
  • lex specialis
  • interinfluence
  • fragmentation

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