The ceramide transporter and the Goodpasture antigen binding protein: one protein - one function?

C. Mencarelli, M.R. Losen, C. Hammels, J. De Vry, M.K.C. Hesselink, H.W.M. Steinbusch, M.H.V. de Baets, P. Perez Martinez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Goodpasture antigen-binding protein (GPBP) and its splice variant the ceramide transporter (CERT) are multifunctional proteins that have been found to play important roles in brain development and biology. However, the function of GPBP and CERT is controversial because of their involvement in two apparently unrelated research fields: GPBP was initially isolated as a protein associated with collagen IV in patients with the autoimmune disease Goodpasture syndrome. Subsequently, a splice variant lacking a serine-rich domain of 26 amino acids (GPBPDelta26) was found to mediate the cytosolic transport of ceramide and was therefore (re)named CERT. The two splice forms likely carry out different functions in specific sub-cellular localizations. Selective GPBP knockdown induces extensive apoptosis and tissue loss in the brain of zebrafish. GPBP/GPBPDelta26 knock-out mice die as a result of structural and functional defects in ER and mitochondria. Because both mitochondria and ceramide play an important role in many biological events that regulate neuronal differentiation, cellular senescence, proliferation and cell death, we propose that GPBP and CERT are pivotal in neurodegenerative processes. In this review, we discuss the current state of knowledge on GPBP and CERT, including the molecular and biochemical characterization of GPBP in the field of autoimmunity as well as the fundamental research on CERT in ceramide transport, biosynthesis, localization, metabolism and cell homeostasis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1369-1386
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Volume113
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2010

Keywords

  • autoimmunity
  • ceramide
  • GPBP
  • CERT
  • neurodegenerative diseases
  • NIEMANN-PICK-DISEASE
  • HAMSTER OVARY CELLS
  • NERVE GROWTH-FACTOR
  • CULTURED HIPPOCAMPAL-NEURONS
  • ENRICHED MEMBRANE DOMAINS
  • CELLULAR LIPID-METABOLISM
  • TRANSFER-RNA SYNTHETASE
  • FAS-INDUCED APOPTOSIS
  • OSBP-RELATED PROTEINS
  • TUMOR-NECROSIS-FACTOR

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