The brain acid-base homeostasis and serotonin: A perspective on the use of carbon dioxide as human and rodent experimental model of panic

N. K. Leibold*, D. L. A. van den Hove, G. Esquivel, K. De Cort, L. Goossens, E. Strackx, G. F. Buchanan, H. W. M. Steinbusch, K. P. Lesch, K. R. J. Schruers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-78
JournalProgress in Neurobiology
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2015


  • Panic disorder
  • Brain pH
  • CO2
  • Human models
  • Animal models
  • Serotonin

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