The Amsterdam rent index: The housing market and the economy 1550-1850

P.M.A. Eichholtz*, S.T.M. Straetmans, M. Theebe

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The paper investigates the long run historic development of the Amsterdam rental housing market (1550-1850). Using rent data on a large cross section of residential properties in Amsterdam we are able to develop an annual constant-quality rent index for the entire time period. Whereas nominal rents nearly tripled over the considered sample period, average Amsterdam house rents, in real terms, had approximately the same level in 1850 as they exhibited in 1550. Otherwise stated, nominal rents and goods prices rose at the same pace. Over these 301 years, the real index moves between a minimum level of 45.6 and a maximum of 162.4. As concerns the relation between the housing market and the real economy, we find empirical evidence that fluctuations in rents and fluctuations in proxies of business cycle activity comove, both in nominal and in real terms. 

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-282
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Housing Economics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012


  • Rent index
  • Amsterdam housing market
  • Long term

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