Thailand’s Vocational Training and Upward Mobility: Impact Heterogeneities and Policy Implications

Patima Chongcharoentanawat, Franziska Gassmann*, Pierre Mohnen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Using quasi-experimental treatment effect methods with unique longitudinal survey data, the paper assesses the impact of vocational training on economic mobility in the short, medium and long term in Thailand. We find that vocational training does not affect upward mobility in terms of income, expenditure and employment. The analysis of the heterogeneity of effects suggests that women, rural residents, youth and elderly, low-educated workers, and economically inactive people benefit less from the vocational training. Computer training courses, training offered by private institutions or in public-private partnerships, and training financed by employers are associated with better outcomes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)380-394
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Development Effectiveness
Issue number4
Early online date23 Jun 2022
Publication statusPublished - 2 Oct 2022


  • Thailand
  • impact evaluation
  • intragenerational mobility
  • vocational training
  • Vocational training

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