TGF-beta 1/ALK5-induced monocyte migration involves PI3K and p38 pathways and is not negatively affected by diabetes mellitus

Serve Olieslagers, Evangelia Pardali, Vadim Tchaikovski, Peter ten Dijke, Johannes Waltenberger*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

34 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Aims Monocytes contribute to arteriogenesis by infiltration to sites of collateral growth and subsequent production and release of growth factors. Transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) mediates monocyte motility and stimulates arteriogenesis. TGF-beta 1 signalling mechanisms mediating monocyte motility are unknown so far. Moreover, the influence of cardiovascular risk factor diabetes on TGF-beta 1-induced monocyte migration remains to be elucidated. Methods and results Stimulation of primary human monocytes with TGF-beta 1 endorsed phosphorylation of v-Akt murine thymoma viral oncogene analogues protein (AKT), p38, and extracellular signal-related kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2), besides the activation of the SMA/MAD homologues protein (SMAD) pathway. Inhibition of the TGF-btype 1 receptor, alias activin receptor-like kinase 5 (ALK5), hindered monocyte chemotaxis towards TGF-beta 1 and TGF-beta 1-activated downstream signalling cascades. Individual genetic knock-downs for receptor-regulated SMAD2 and SMAD3 did not affect monocyte migration to TGF-beta 1. Inhibition of phosphoinositide 3 kinase (PI3K) activity, but not AKT, diminished both basal and TGF-beta 1-mediated monocyte motility. TGF-beta 1-induced monocyte chemotaxis did not rely on ERK1/2, but rather on p38. Remarkably, TGF-beta 1 was able to stimulate chemotaxis of diabetic monocytes. Conclusion The current study provides novel insights into the molecular mechanisms of TGF-beta 1-induced monocyte migration, requiring ALK5 kinase activity and signalling via PI3K and p38. TGF-beta 1-driven monocyte motogenicity is fully functional in diabetic conditions, which is in sharp contrast to the impaired chemotactic responses to certain other arteriogenic cytokines. Therefore, TGF-beta 1 may be a promising candidate for endogenously and exogenously stimulating collateral growth in diabetic patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)510-518
JournalCardiovascular Research
Volume91
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2011

Keywords

  • Monocytes
  • Signal transduction
  • Transforming growth factor beta 1
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Collateral circulation

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