TFAP2B -Dietary Protein and Glycemic Index Interactions and Weight Maintenance after Weight Loss in the DiOGenes Trial

T. Stocks, L. Angquist, J. Hager, C. Charon, C. Holst, J.A. Martinez, W.H. Saris, A. Astrup, T.I. Sorensen, L.H. Larsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background: TFAP2B rs987237 is associated with obesity and has shown interaction with the dietary fat-to-carbohydrate ratio, which has an effect on weight loss. We investigated interactions between rs987237 and protein-to-carbohydrate ratio or glycemic index (GI) in relation to weight maintenance after weight loss. Methods: This study included 742 obese individuals from 8 European countries who participated in the Diet, Obesity, and Genes (DiOGenes) trial, lost >/=8% of their initial body weight during an 8-week low-calorie diet and were randomized to one of 5 ad libitum diets with a fixed energy percentage from fat: either low-protein/low-GI, low-protein/high-GI, high-protein/low-GI, or high-protein/high-GI diets, or a control diet for a 6-month weight maintenance period. Using linear regression analyses and additive genetic models, we investigated main and dietary interaction effects of TFAP2B rs987237 in relation to weight maintenance. Results: In total, 468 completers of the trial were genotyped for rs987237. High-protein diets were beneficial for weight maintenance in the AA genotype group (67% of participants), but in the AG and GG groups no differences were observed for low- or high-protein diets. On the high-protein diet, carriers of the obesity risk allele (G allele) regained 1.84 kg (95% CI: 0.02; 3.67, p = 0.047) more body weight per risk allele than individuals on a low-protein diet. There was no interaction effect between rs987237 and GI on weight maintenance. Conclusion: TFAP2B rs987237 and dietary protein/carbohydrate interacted to modify weight maintenance. Considering the carbohydrate proportion of the diet, the interaction was different from the previously reported rs987237-fat-to-carbohydrate ratio interaction for weight loss. Thus, TFAP2B-macronutrient interactions might diverge depending on the nutritional state. (c) 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-219
JournalHuman Heredity
Volume75
Issue number2-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013

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