Testing the strain hypothesis of the demand control model to explain severe bullying at work

G. Notelaers, E. Baillien, H. de Witte, S. Einarsen, J.K. Vermunt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Workplace bullying has often been attributed to work-related stress, and has been linked to the Job Demand Control Model. The current study aims to further these studies by testing the model for bullying in a heterogeneous sample and by using latent class (LC)-analyses to define different demands and control groups and targets of severe bullying. High job demands were associated with a higher probability of being a target of severe bullying, which was particularly true for the very high job demands group. Low job control was also associated with a higher probability of being a target of severe bullying. Moreover, high job control buffered the negative effects of job demands on being a target of severe bullying, particularly when employees reported very little job control and high/very high job demands. Overall, the JDC-Model was supported, suggesting that being a target of severe bullying can be considered as a social behavioural strain.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-87
Number of pages19
JournalEconomic and Industrial Democracy
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2013

Keywords

  • Belgium
  • job content
  • psychology
  • quality of work life
  • JOB INSECURITY
  • SOCIAL SUPPORT
  • WORKPLACE
  • TARGETS
  • AGGRESSION
  • STRESS
  • PREVALENCE
  • HARASSMENT
  • SYMPTOMS
  • SPANISH

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