Technical change, competitiveness and poverty reduction : a study of the Ghanaian apparel industry

D.K. Ayitey

Research output: ThesisDoctoral ThesisInternal

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To guide future technology, industrial and poverty reduction policy planning and formulation, this study offers evidence of widespread technical inefficiencies and technical change among SMEs in apparel manufacturing business in Ghana. A survey of 140 firms shows weak signs of catching-up with the best practice firms even with increasing application of new technologies. Levels of poverty/deprivation remain high among apparel manufacturers, down from 41.8 percent in 2002 to 34.2 percent in 2007. The study linked the drop in poverty to output growth and proposed a more sustained and comprehensive policy measures to boost productivity growth through a better educated workforce and automated production processes to curb technical inefficiencies. Going forward requires good governance and workable international trade rules to change the present levels of performance of textiles/apparel industry in Ghana.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Maastricht University
  • Mohnen, Pierre, Supervisor
  • Lal, K, Supervisor, External person
Award date22 Sept 2010
Place of PublicationMaastricht
Print ISBNs978 90 5278 978 1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2010


  • technical change
  • competitiveness
  • poverty reduction
  • apparel industry
  • Ghana

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