Systemic inflammation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and lung cancer: common driver of pulmonary cachexia?

J.J.M. Ceelen, R.C. Langen, A.M. Schols

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademic

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this article, a putative role of systemic inflammation as a driver of pulmonary cachexia induced by either chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or nonsmall cell lung cancer is reviewed. Gaps in current translational research approaches are discussed and alternative strategies are proposed to provide new insights. RECENT FINDINGS: Activation of the ubiquitin proteasome system has generally been considered a cause of pulmonary cachexia, but current animal models lack specificity and evidence is lacking in nonsmall cell lung cancer and conflicting in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. Recent studies have shown activation of the autophagy-lysosome pathway in both nonsmall cell lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Myonuclear loss, as a consequence of increased apoptotic events in myofibers, has been suggested in cancer-cachexia-associated muscle atrophy. Plasma transfer on myotube cultures can be used to detect early inflammatory signals in patients and presence of atrophy-inducing activity within the circulation. SUMMARY: Comparative clinical research between nonsmall cell lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in different disease stages is useful to unravel disease-specific versus common denominators of pulmonary cachexia.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-345
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent opinion in supportive and palliative care
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2014

Keywords

  • cachexia
  • chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • lung cancer
  • muscle
  • orthotopic models
  • systemic inflammation
  • KAPPA-B ACTIVATION
  • CIGARETTE-SMOKE EXPOSURE
  • SKELETAL-MUSCLE
  • GLUCOCORTICOID-RECEPTOR
  • COPD PATIENTS
  • TNF-ALPHA
  • ATROPHY
  • EXPRESSION
  • MICE
  • EMPHYSEMA

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