Systematic approach to ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm in the endovascular era: Intention-to-treat eEVAR protocol

Edith M. Willigendael*, P.W. Cuypers, J. A. W. Teijink, Marc R. H. M. Van Sambeek

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Emergency endovascular aneurysm repair (eEVAR) for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (rAAA) is still a relatively new treatment option. A pre-defined strategy of an eEVAR first approach for rAAA is associated with improved mortality rates. After establishing and implementing the Intention-to-treat eEVAR protocol for rAAAs the mortality and morbidity rates improved significantly. The presented Intention-to-treat eEVAR protocol starts at the first telephone call to the ambulance department and lasts until the post-operative care unit. The protocol involves the close collaboration between the ambulance department, vascular surgeon, emergency department physicians, anaesthesiologists, operating room staff and, radiology technicians. The availability of a variety of off-the-shelf stent-grafts, and an operating room that is adequately equipped to perform endovascular procedures is crucial in obtaining better outcomes. High volume centres that offer open surgical repair as well as eEVAR for rAAA show that the Intention-to-treat eEVAR protocol is achievable and appears to be associated with favorable mortality over open repair with appropriate case selection. Unstable or older patients with rAAA may particularly benefit by eEVAR.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-82
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2012


  • Aortic rupture
  • Clinical protocols
  • Enclovascular procedures

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