Synthesis of Ultrahigh Molecular Weight PLAs Using a PhenoxyImine Al(III) Complex

Feijie Li, Sanjay Rastogi, Dario Romano*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

L- and D-lactide polymerization kinetics using phenoxy-imine ligands of the type Me2Al[O-2-tert-Bu-6-(C6F5N=CH)C6H3] in the presence of n-butanol and benzyl alcohol by ring-opening polymerization into polylactide are investigated. Effects of initiator concentration, catalyst concentration, polymerization temperature, and time on the molecular weight of poly-L-lactide are also investigated. Purification and drying of L-lactide are found to significantly influence the polymerization kinetics and the final molecular weight achieved. Ultrahigh molecular weight poly(L-lactic acid) PLLA (M-w = 1.4 x 10(6) g/mol with D = 1.8) and ultrahigh molecular weight poly(D-lactic acid) PDLA (M-w = 1.3 x 10(6) g/mol with D = 2.0) are obtained when polymerization is performed with a molar ratio of monomer to catalyst (LA/Al) of 8000 for 72 h at 120 degrees C in the presence of benzyl alcohol with conversions of 96 and 91%, respectively. We report for the first time the synthesis of ultrahigh molecular weight poly-L- and D-lactide using the Me2Al[O-2-tert-Bu-6-(C6F5N=CH)C6H3] catalyst. The identified catalyst is found to be suitable for the synthesis of a broad range of molecular weights.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24230-24238
Number of pages9
JournalAcs omega
Volume5
Issue number38
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Sep 2020

Keywords

  • RING-OPENING POLYMERIZATION
  • EPSILON-CAPROLACTONE
  • ALUMINUM COMPLEXES
  • POLY(LACTIC ACID)
  • CYCLIC ESTERS
  • AL COMPLEXES
  • LACTIC-ACID
  • SINGLE-SITE
  • CATALYSTS
  • POLYCONDENSATION

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