Synthesis of A New Intercalating Nucleic Acid 6H-INDOLO[2,3-b] Quinoxaline Oligonucleotides to Improve Thermal Stability Of Hoogsteen-Type Triplexes

Amany M. A. Osman, Erik B. Pedersen*, Jan Bergman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


A new intercalating nucleic acid monomer X was obtained in high yield starting from alkylation of 4-iodophenol with (S)-(+)-2-(2,2-dimethyl-1,3-dioxolan-4-yl)ethanol under Mitsunobu conditions followed by hydrolysis with 80% aqueous acetic acid to give a diol which was coupled under Sonogashira conditions with trimethylsilylacetylene (TMSA) to achieve the TMS protected (S)-4-(4-((trimethylsilyl)ethynyl)phenoxy)butane-1,2-diol. Tetrabutylammonium flouride was used to remove the silyl protecting group to obtain (S)-4-(4-ethynylphenoxy)butane-1,2-diol which was coupled under Sonogashira conditions with 2-(9-bromo-6H-indolo[2,3-b]quinoxalin-6-yl)-N,N-dimethylethanamine to achieve (S)-4-(4-((6-(2-(dimethylamino)ethyl)-6H-indolo[2,3-b]quinoxalin-9-yl)ethynyl)phenoxy)butane-1,2-diol. This compound was tritylated with 4,4'-dimethoxytrityl chloride followed by treatment with 2-cyanoethyltetraisopropylphosphordiamidite in the presence of N,N'-diisopropyl ammonium tetrazolide to afford the corresponding phosphoramidite. This phosphoramidite was used to insert the monomer X into an oligonucleotide which was used for thermal denaturation studies of a corresponding parallel triplex.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)98-108
JournalNucleosides Nucleotides & Nucleic Acids
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013


  • Intercalating nucleic acid
  • 6H-indolo[2
  • 3-b]quinoxaline
  • hoogsteen base pairing
  • thermal stability
  • triplex forming oligonucleotides

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