Sustained Reduction of Blood Pressure With Baroreceptor Activation Therapy Results of the 6-Year Open Follow-Up

Peter W. de Leeuw*, John D. Bisognano, George L. Bakris, Mitra K. Nadim, Hermann Haller, Abraham A. Kroon, DEBuT- HT Rheos Trial Investig

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Baroreflex activation therapy is a novel technique for treating patients with resistant hypertension. Although short-term studies have demonstrated that it lowers blood pressure, long-term results have not yet been reported. The aim of the present study is to assess the long-term efficacy and safety of baroreflex activation therapy. Long-term followup data were analyzed from all patients who had been included in 1 of the 3 trials that focused on treatment-resistant hypertensive patients. Altogether, 383 patients were available for analysis: 143 of these had completed 5 years of followup and 48 patients had completed 6 years of follow-up. In the entire cohort, office systolic blood pressure fell from 179 +/- 24 mm Hg to 144 +/- 28 mm Hg (P<0.0001), whereas office diastolic pressure dropped from 103 +/- 16 mm Hg to 85 +/- 18 mm Hg (P<0.0001). Heart rate fell from 74 +/- 15 beats per minute to 71 +/- 13 beats per minute (P<0.02). The effect of baroreflex activation therapy is greater than average in patients with signs of heart failure and less than average in patients with isolated systolic hypertension. In approximate to 25% of patients, it was possible to reduce the number of medications from a median of 6 to a median of 3. Temporary side effects, related to either the surgical procedure or the cardiovascular instability, do occur, but they do not require specific measures and resolve over time. After a follow-up of 6 years, baroreflex activation therapy maintains its efficacy for persistent reduction of office blood pressure in patients with resistant hypertension without major safety issues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)836-843
Number of pages8
JournalHypertension
Volume69
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2017

Keywords

  • baroreflex
  • blood pressure
  • heart failure
  • hypertension
  • pressoreceptors
  • SYMPATHETIC-NERVOUS-SYSTEM
  • RESISTANT HYPERTENSION
  • HEART-FAILURE
  • RENAL DENERVATION
  • MULTICENTER FEASIBILITY
  • BAROREFLEX FUNCTION
  • SURGICAL TECHNIQUE
  • TRIAL
  • SAFETY

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