Background. Left ventricular free-wall rupture (LVFWR) is an uncommon but serious mechanical complication of acute myocardial infarction. Surgical repair, though challenging, is the only definitive treatment. Given the rarity of this condition, however, results after surgery are still not well established. The aim of this study was to review a multicenter experience with the surgical management of post-infarction LVFWR and analyze the associated early outcomes.
Methods. Using the CAUTION (Mechanical Complications of Acute Myocardial Infarction: an International Multicenter Cohort Study) database, we identified 140 patients who were surgically treated for post-acute myocardial infarction LVFWR in 15 different centers from 2001 to 2018. The main outcome measured was operative mortality. Multivariate analysis was carried out by constructing a logistic regression model to identify predictors of postoperative mortality.
Results. The mean age of patients was 69.4 years. The oozing type of LVFWR was observed in 79 patients (56.4%), and the blowout type in 61 (43.6%). Sutured repair was used in the 61.4% of cases. The operative mortality rate was 36.4%. Low cardiac output syndrome was the main cause of perioperative death. Myocardial rerupture after surgery occurred in 10 patients (7.1%). Multivariable analysis revealed that preoperative left ventricular ejection fraction (P < .001), cardiac arrest at presentation (P = .011), female sex (P = .044), and the need for preoperative extracorporeal life support (P = .003) were independent predictors for operative mortality.
Conclusions. Surgical repair of post-infarction LVFWR carries a high operative mortality. Female sex, preoperative left ventricular ejection fraction, cardiac arrest, and extra-corporeal life support are predictors of early mortality. (C) 2021 by The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc.
- ELEVATION MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION
- CARDIAC RUPTURE
- MECHANICAL COMPLICATIONS
- SUTURELESS REPAIR