Surgical quality in organ procurement during day and night: an analysis of quality forms

Jacob de Boer*, Koen Van der Bogt, Hein Putter, Kirsten Ooms-de Vries, Bernadette Haase-Kromwijk, Robert Pol, Jeroen De Jonge, Kees Dejong, Mijntje Nijboer, Daan Van der Vliet, Dries Braat

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


ObjectivesTo analyse a potential association between surgical quality and time of day.DesignA retrospective analysis of complete sets of quality forms filled out by the procuring and accepting surgeon on organs from deceased donors.SettingProcurement procedures in the Netherlands are organised per region. All procedures are performed by an independent, dedicated procurement team that is associated with an academic medical centre in the region.ParticipantsIn 18 months' time, 771 organs were accepted and procured in The Netherlands. Of these, 17 organs were declined before transport and therefore excluded. For the remaining 754 organs, 591 (78%) sets of forms were completed (procurement and transplantation). Baseline characteristics were comparable in both daytime and evening/night-time with the exception of height (p=0.003).Primary outcome measureAll complete sets of quality forms were retrospectively analysed for the primary outcome, procurement-related surgical injury. Organs were categorised based on the starting time of the procurement in either daytime (8:00-17:00) or evening/night-time (17:00-8:00).ResultsOut of 591 procured organs, 129 organs (22%) were procured during daytime and 462 organs (78%) during evening/night-time. The incidence of surgical injury was significantly lower during daytime; 22 organs (17%) compared with 126 organs (27%) procured during evening/night-time (p=0.016). This association persists when adjusted for confounders.ConclusionsThis study shows an increased incidence of procurement-related surgical injury in evening/night-time procedures as compared with daytime. Time of day might (in)directly influence surgical performance and should be considered a potential risk factor for injury in organ procurement procedures.
Original languageEnglish
Article number022182
Number of pages5
JournalBMJ Open
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2018


  • surgery
  • risk management
  • transplant surgery
  • quality In health care
  • TIME
  • RISK
  • CALL

Cite this