Surgical intervention for upper extremity nerve compression related to arteriovenous hemodialysis accesses

J.H.M. Tordoir*, M.M. van Loon, N. Zonnebeld, M. Snoeijs, F. van Nie

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Objective:Chronic renal failure patients with arteriovenous hemodialysis access may exhibit pain and neurological complaints due to local nerve compression by the access conduit vessels of autogenous arteriovenous fistulas or the prosthesis of arteriovenous grafts. In this study, we have examined the results of surgical intervention for vascular access-related nerve compression in the upper extremity.Methods:A single center retrospective study was performed of all patients referred for persistent pain and neurological complaints after vascular access surgery for hemodialysis. There were four brachial-cephalic, three brachial-basilic upper arm arteriovenous fistulas, and three prosthetic arteriovenous grafts. All patients had pain and sensory deficits in a distinct nerve territory (median nerve: 6; median + ulnar nerve: 1; medial cutaneous nerve: 1), and two patients had additional motor deficits (median nerve).Results:A total of 10 patients (mean age: 59 years; range: 25-73 years; 2 men; 4 diabetics) were treated by surgical nerve release alone (2 patients) or in combination with access revision (8 patients). Mean follow-up was 23 months (range: 8-46 months). Direct complete relief of symptoms was achieved in six patients. Three patients had minor complaints, and one patient had a reoperation with good success.Conclusion:Vascular access-related nerve compression is an uncommon cause for pain, sensory and motor deficits after vascular access surgery. Surgical nerve release and access revision have good clinical outcome with relief of symptoms and maintenance of the access site in the majority of patients.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1129729820922711
Pages (from-to)58-63
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of vascular access
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2021


  • aneurysmorrhaphy
  • arteriovenous fistula
  • artery aneurysm
  • complications
  • degeneration
  • dialysis access
  • donor artery
  • fistula
  • nerve compression
  • prosthetic grafts
  • surgical intervention
  • vascular access
  • Arteriovenous fistula

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