Successful Long-term Weight Maintenance: a 2-year follow-up

N. Vogels, M.S. Westerterp-Plantenga

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Abstract

A 2-year Follow-up. PG - 1258-66 AB - OBJECTIVE: To find factors associated with successful weight maintenance (WM) in overweight and obese subjects after a very low-calorie diet (VLCD). RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Subjects (133) followed a VLCD (2.1 MJ/d) for 6 weeks in a free-living situation. Of these, 103 subjects (age, 49.6 +/- 9.7 years; BMI, 30.9 +/- 3.8 kg/m(2)) completed the following 2-year WM period. Body weight (BW), body composition, leptin concentration, attitude toward eating, and physical activity were determined right before (t0) and after (t1) the VLCD, after 3 months (t2), after 1 year (t3), after 1.5 years (t4), and after 2 years (t5). RESULTS: BW loss during VLCD was 7.2 +/- 3.1 kg. After 2 years, follow-up BW regain was 69.0 +/- 98.4%. After 2 years of WM, 13 subjects were successful (<10% BW regain), and 90 were unsuccessful (>10% BW regain). At baseline, these groups were significantly different in BMI (33.7 +/- 4.7 vs. 30.5 +/- 3.5 kg/m(2), respectively; p < 0.05) and fat mass (38.3 +/- 9.8 vs. 32.1 +/- 8.3 kg, p < 0.05). Successful subjects increased their dietary restraint significantly more during the whole study period (dietary restraint score, -4.9 +/- 4.4 vs. -2.1 +/- 3.8). Furthermore, %BW regain was associated with the amount of percentage body fat lost during VLCD, which indicates that the more fat lost, the better the WM, suggesting a fat free mass-sparing effect. DISCUSSION: Characteristics such as the ability to increase dietary restraint and maintain this high level of restraint, fat free mass sparing, and a relatively high baseline BMI and fat mass were associated with successful long-term WM (<10% regain after 2 years). AD - Department of Human Biology, Maastricht University, P.O. Box 616, NL-6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands. m.westerterp@hb.unimaas.nl. FAU - Vogels, Neeltje AU - Vogels N FAU - Westerterp-Plantenga, Margriet S AU - Westerterp-Plantenga MS LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - United States TA - Obesity (Silver Spring) JT - Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.) JID - 101264860 SB - IM
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1258-1266
JournalObesity
Volume15
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2007

Cite this

Vogels, N., & Westerterp-Plantenga, M. S. (2007). Successful Long-term Weight Maintenance: a 2-year follow-up. Obesity, 15(5), 1258-1266. https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2007.147