Subclinical dissociation, schizotypy and traumatic distress

H.L.G.J. Merckelbach*, T.M. Giesbrecht

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

The current study looked at the overlap between dissociation and schizotypy and examined two potential sources from which this overlap might originate: fantasy proneness and traumatic distress. From a sample of 191 undergraduates, those scoring in the upper and lower quartile of the Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES) were selected. Next, the scores of these groups on well-established schizotypy scales were compared to each other. The high-DES group had significantly higher schizotypy scores than the low-DES group. Although both groups also differed with regard to fantasy proneness and, to a lesser extent, traumatic distress, analyses of covariance showed that these variables could not explain group differences in schizotypy. Alternative interpretations of the dissociation-schizotypy link are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)365-374
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2006

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